Ormsby #66: Scorn for media moguls
Ian Gill's bitter and brash analysis of conventional Canadian media can also be amusing and bang-on.
January 05th, 2017
“I feel like we are being robbed blind, mugged by the oligarchs, and fed a diet of content you wouldn’t serve in a hospital during a power outage.”
REVIEW: No News is Bad News: Canada’s Media Collapse — and What Comes Next
By Ian Gill, foreword by Margo Goodhand
Vancouver: Greystone Books, 2016.
$18.95 / 978-1771642682
Reviewed by David N. Wright
In No News is Bad News, the Australian-Canadian journalist and author Ian Gill asks why Canada’s media companies are collapsing and what can be done to keep journalism alive during the rise of corporate-model news outlets and the digital revolution that affects us all.
Reviewer David N. Wright gauges Gill’s perspective on this tumultuous time for the media in Canada.
Ian Gill’s No News is Bad News. Canada’s Media Collapse — And What Comes Next is a dense commentary on the state of media and journalism as currently practiced in Canada.
A former reporter and editor for the Vancouver Sun and the CBC, Gill laments the collapse of the Canadian media and makes little attempt to hide his indignant tone. “Canada’s journalism is in ruins, and our nation is the poorer for it. Just look around” (48).
From the beginning, Gill lays out the paradigm for his critical survey of the Canadian media landscape, noting that “For me, a former newspaper journalist, what is happening to Canada’s newspaper industry feels personal, which might partly explain why my distress at the parlous state of Canadian newspapers veers toward the intemperate. I feel like we are being robbed blind, mugged by the oligarchs, and fed a diet of content you wouldn’t serve in a hospital during a power outage” (3).
No News is Bad News is divided into an introduction and four chapters, each of them devoted to a particular aspect of current news media and journalistic practice.
The introduction and first chapter deal primarily with that most traditional mode of journalistic enterprise, newspapers. Chapter 1, “No Country for Old Media: Our Shrinking Public Square,” taking up nearly one-third of the book, addresses what Gill sees as the perilous and decrepit state of Canadian media and journalism. He considers the death of newspapers as a primary space for journalistic practice and laments the current state of the Canadian news media landscape, especially the loss of local news and the increasing dominance of large, mainstream, corporate-model news outlets that tend to underserve minority populations while catering to a sometimes dubious corporate narrative that encourages biased viewpoints over objectivity.
The middle chapters — “What’s Happening Across the Pond?” and “What’s Happening Closer to Home?” — turn outward and examine how news media and journalism work in other places, particularly Europe, and how reportage must adapt and change to remain viable in what appears to be an uncertain and increasingly bleak future.
Gill surveys emerging journalistic practices and emphasizes how journalism and its institutions, both in Canada and abroad, are leveraging technology, philanthropy, and savvy user-pay funding processes to revive the industry.
Gill’s best is Chapter 4, “Whither the Future.” His rhetoric is reasoned, his purpose clear, and he has repressed all his earlier bitterness of tone associated with what he sees as the collapsing foundations of Canada’s media establishment.
His gaze now turns to representation, particularly indigenous representation in news media, and how journalism can be sustained in Canada by adopting new models, perhaps looking toward organizational models such as VICELAND, Neiman Labs, and The Knight Foundation, among many salient examples.
On the whole, No News is Bad News never really settles on a clear subject. Instead, it manoeuvres briskly through many different takes on news media, sometimes confusing the institutions of news media with the practice of journalism, so that one is not quite sure where the issues lie, or with whom. Gill presents an often-fractured rhetorical development that never quite allows a clear line through the mire.
At times, Gill is a little too glowing about left-leaning media outlets such as the Guardian, Canadaland, and Discourse Media. At face value, there’s nothing wrong with this positivity toward progressive journalism. However, given his frequently harsh asides about the former Conservative government, Postmedia, and other outlets for their conservative agendas, Gill’s obvious bias towards arenas with more liberal agendas taints the integrity of his critique of the right.
No News is Bad News is full of rhetorical flourishes that sometimes distract from what is generally a well-researched survey of the admittedly sparse and collapsing news media landscape. Concerning a robot journalist, Gill writes that such a machine “should send a shiver down the spine of whichever journalists are left who still have one;” and after critiquing a quote about the state of television news by The Globe and Mail’s television critic John Doyle, Gill opines that he “may yet find himself satiating his hunger by eating those words” (59, 62).
And venturing that “It’s hard to imagine journalistic standards sinking much lower” in the deployment of news-like advertisements in newspapers and magazines, Gill suggests “that is a thought best served hold” (60). This is not a typo for “cold.”
Readers certainly deserve flair and panache in essays, but Gill’s prose sometimes feels forced and his characterizations veer perilously close to the very rhetorical bombast that is beginning to dominate current political narratives, and which might well turn readers off.
But on the whole, Gill’s analysis is well researched, intelligent, and offered by an insightful and reasoned individual. When he ends the book with a glance at the possibilities that philanthropy and emerging Internet media might play in reviving journalism and enticing a distanced readership, he shows himself to be a thoughtful commentator on the future of journalism.
Indeed, when Gill restricts the idle tongue-lashing and passive aggressive tone, and addresses issues of inclusiveness in Canadian news media, No News is Bad News rises to remind readers of the power of journalism. And when he reminds us that “We need to become our own champions again,” it’s hard not to forgive his rhetorical bombast. His conclusion is both trenchant and urgent: “We need to change the collective imaginary and find powerful new ways to mobilize it so that everyone sees at least some of themselves in Canada’s evolving story” (149).
A faculty member of the English Department at Douglas College in New Westminster, David N. Wright leads the Digital Cultures Lab there. His current research and teaching emphasize the role of critical thinking and close reading in understanding, using, and building digital tools and emerging technologies.
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Belated thanks for your comments, James. Your analysis of “the fall of Canadian journalism” reminds me of something I read yesterday by Andrew Nikiforuk. He referred in passing to “The media (what’s left of it)….” I am a historian by training, not a journalist, so I can’t say add much — except to note that to some extent at the Ormsby Review we are filling the vacuum left by the demise of book reviewing in the Canadian news media. While we glad to have so many readers, it’s also sad to witness the collapse of conventional media. Here is a link to Andrew’s article: https://thetyee.ca/Opinion/2018/01/04/How-Fight-Site-C/
As a former journalist and journalism teacher, may I say that Ian Gill’s book is a long overdue analysis of the fall of Canadian journalism. And fallen it has. Those of us who have been around long enough to have practiced in the post-WWII decades when journalism still displayed echoes of a halcion era (was there really ever one?) will relish Gill’s unrelenting slicing and dicing of what masquerades as journalism today, save for a few notable exceptions (e.g., CBC’s “Go Public”).
History will view so-called media titans like ex-mayor Paul Godfrey and e-con Conrad Black as the architects of the Canadian news media’s demise, dragging down with it all shreds of the respectability that journalism once enjoyed and deserved. In their blind pursuit of profit, people like Godfrey and Black failed to comprehend, despite their supposed intelligence, that “the stuff that fills in the spaces around the ads” is what draws eyeballs to the ads that they so prize and which pay the bills. Instead, they have turned news into repetitious drivel, driving away readers and viewers. What they have produced is akin to setting up a Tim Horton’s without a drive-thru, and every bit as self-defeating.
I will disagree with Gill on two points: 1. He gives liberal media journalism almost a pass, and is perhaps too critical of their conservative counterparts. The fact is responsible journalism should be neither — it is supposed to be unbiased and factual… or was once upon a time. Here Gill is not. 2. Gill says journalism has fallen as far as it is likely to fall. Sadly, the traditional news media has farther to fall and will disappear over the next few years, in no small measure thanks to Godfrey, Black, etc. There is hope it will re-emerge one day in some form not already taken up by social media and perhaps with it will come a renaissance of responsible journalism.