Unearthing B.C. History
“My grandfather arrived here as a privileged young Englishman but he wasn’t English by the end of his life, he was resolutely Canadian."
September 18th, 2014
“It was written because my mother asked my grandfather to write an account of his coming to Canada from England, attending Guelph Agricultural College, moving to Vancouver Island and then to the Slocan Valley. My mother was working for the CBC and thought they might possibly be used for some broadcasts. My grandmother had died and so she thought, ‘Well this might be a way to take a grieving old man away from his grief.’”
The tactic worked – JC Harris pounded out 150 pages of reminiscences on a typewriter. But after his death in 1951, the manuscripts sat in boxes of family papers for decades. Cole Harris, by then embarked upon an academic career in historical geography, decided about 1970 they should be preserved in the BC archives in Victoria along with others of his grandfather’s papers. It was Cole’s son Douglas who re-ignited the spark of interest in JC’s manuscripts. Upon retirement, Cole decided it was time to do something with these valuable historical documents.
“My son Douglas copied a number of them and tried to set them in some sort of order. My grandfather went off in a number of tangents and just wrote what came into his head, although he was a very competent writer. Then I spoke to you about it and I think you called it a ‘gold mine.’ So that convinced me it needed to be published.”
Although JC Harris came from a well-educated, somewhat privileged English family, his writing is primarily anecdotal. But what anecdotes! Imagine getting an eyewitness glimpse of the characters who first populated or passed through the upper Slocan Valley in the late 1890s! While New Denver pioneer Eli Carpenter is well known historically, JC writes of even earlier settlers, including West Kootenay pioneer Martin Fry. “Twelve men wintered in the Slocan at the mouth of Carpenter Creek in the winter of 1891–’92,” he writes in Boom Days. “[The next year] hundreds were flocking in from Revelstoke down to Nakusp and from there over the nearly 40 miles of rough trail to New Denver. Still more came in by boat up the Kootenay Lake to Kaslo and from there by trail (soon to be made into a wagon road) to Three Forks and on down Carpenter Creek to New Denver.”
The thread that has tied local history to our American cousins was evident even in the earliest days, when the mining boom brought prospectors from all over North America. But while ‘lynch law’ prevailed in many American frontier outposts, from the start our more British way of life meant a strict enforcement of law and order. JC seems to have had an eye for the unforgettable moment, the frontier characters etched indelibly into memory. He writes of Gold Commissioner Alex Sproat and a local policeman named MacDonald calmly taking weapons from a tough American mountain man without so much as raising their voices. Bribery – another tactic occasionally indulged south of the border – also failed to subvert the course of British justice here. These are just two examples of many recorded in Boom Days in the Slocan, making it a vital addition to the canon of local history along with John Norris’s Old Silverton.
The next booklet planned for the series, The Beginnings of the Bosun Ranch, will recount JC Harris’s memories of building a life for his family here. To this day Cole and Muriel Harris maintain a summer home on property originally staked out by Cole’s grandfather. The mark made on the historical landscape by his grandfather has been echoed by Cole on the academic landscape. The three-volume Historical Atlas of Canada, released in 1987, has become a standard text in universities. Cole edited the first volume, covering Canadian prehistory up to about 1800 and the first 300 years of early contact with First Nations. It was a monumental task that he says “took far longer than it should have.”
When asked if his grandfather’s fascination with history had any effect upon his own choice of career, Cole has little doubt. “My whole experience with the Bosun Ranch, the creation of this new place on the edge of a new land, has influenced my whole scholarly career. A new geography of settlement was being created and in some respects what was happening here in this farm was going on across the whole country. My first book was on early French settlement in Canada; that was another valley, another set of characters, farms on terraces overlooking the St. Lawrence so the parallels are definitely there with this valley.”
He emphasizes however that the booklet series will not be academic writing and will feature writings both from himself and his father. Not insensitive to our First Nations predecessors on the landscape, one booklet will discuss evidence of their presence on Idaho Peak. JC Harris was that most valuable of settlers – a literate and astute observer, fully capable of setting down his observations for future generations. Although not all of his writings have survived, according to Cole, “his memory was sound and he was fond of wry and amusing incidents.” His legacy is a body of lively writing, a priceless snapshot of a brief moment in Western Canadian history.
“My grandfather arrived here as a privileged young Englishman but he wasn’t English by the end of his life, he was resolutely Canadian. There could be no counterparts for this life in the British Isles, it was impossible. Life was moving along in a different trajectory. Just as it did for those British Home Children who were shipped here; their lives took a very different turn.”
For more information visit the Chameleon Fire blog at www.chameleonfire1.wordpress.com.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Born on September 28, 1959, in Kimberley, B.C. of an Anglo-Irish-Scots background, Arthur Joyce (aka Sean Arthur Joyce, Art Joyce) began writing and publishing in high school. During the 1980s and ’90s, he began publishing poetry and working as a freelance journalist for regional BC newspapers and magazines, eventually writing for the independently-owned Valley Voice newspaper of New Denver. He has also published with the national newsletter for the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, the CCPA Monitor. Joyce is now based in New Denver, BC.
His weekly heritage column, Heritage Beat, ran for five years in the Nelson Daily News. Based on this research, two books of history were published, A Perfect Childhood, on the classic homes and personalities of frontier Nelson; and Hanging Fire & Heavy Horses, on the city’s historic streetcars and buses. The Knowledge Network BC Moments video short on the heritage homes of Nelson, BC quotes from A Perfect Childhood.
Joyce’s poems and essays have been published in various Canadian literary magazines, including Canadian Author, The New Quarterly, The Fiddlehead, Whetstone, New Orphic Review, and Horsefly. He co-edited the anthology Homeless in Paradise with Timothy Shay in 2007 as a fundraiser for a local homeless shelter. In 2006, his work appeared in an international charity anthology, The Book of Hope and Dreams, which featured Lawrence Ferlinghetti and Margaret Atwood. In 2001 he produced and directed a poetry video, The Muse: chameleon fire, with funding from BRAVO TV.
In March, 2008 Joyce launched chameleonfire.ca, a website featuring his writing, artwork and photography. Under his limited editions imprint, Chameleon Fire Editions, Joyce has published limited editions of poetry by Chad Norman, Timothy Shay, Catherine Owen and Margaret Hornby. He has been an organizer of poetry tours and cafés since the ‘80s and is a frequent performer on the Kootenay literary scene.
In 1997 he was involved in the League of Canadian Poets Mentoring Programme with Robert Priest. In November, 2005, his collection of poetry, The Charlatans of Paradise, was published by New Orphic Publishers in a limited edition. A second collection, Star Seeds, will be published by New Orphic in April, 2009.
Joyce believes, as Emily Dickinson did, that the sign of a great poem is one that “takes the top of your head off.” In his view, there is an urgent need for poets in this country to engage the political tradition of Neruda, Yevtushenko and Milton Acorn. As Joyce writes in the Foreword to The Charlatans, “In the trajectory toward the universal, contemplation of the self is only going halfway.”
Sean Arthur Joyce’s Laying the Children’s Ghosts to Rest: Canada’s Home Children in the West (Hagios 2014) blends memoir, history and creative non-fiction to recall the 100,000 British Home Children who sent to Canada to work as indentured labourers during the late 19th and early to mid-20th centuries. His study is the first to examine the subject specifically with regards to the children who made their way to the Prairie provinces and B.C. As a freelance journalist in the Kootenays since 1990, Joyce also frequently contributes to New Orphic Review and maintains a lively blog at chameleonfire1.wordpress.com. He lives in New Denver.
Laying the Children’s Ghosts to Rest: Canada’s Home Children in the West (Hagios Press 2014) $18.95 978-1-926710-27-3
Star Seeds, New Orphic Publishers, 2009, ISBN 978-1-894842-16-7
The Charlatans of Paradise, New Orphic Publishers, 2005, ISBN 1-894842-07-3
Hanging Fire & Heavy Horses, City of Nelson, 2000, ISBN 0-9686364-0-3
A Perfect Childhood, Kootenay Museum Association and Historical Society, 1997, ISBN 0-9680038-1-8
Hope Writers Guild Poetry Competition, 1989